Dumbo “Song of the Roustabouts” (1941)

Forgive the pun but I decided it’s time to clear another elephant out of the room. Unfortunately, for everything good that Disney has contributed to film and animation, there are multiple examples of Disney portraying things they probably want to forget about. One example is the “Song of the Roustabouts” from Dumbo (1941). After baby Dumbo arrives on the train (via late delivery from the stork), the train pulls in to where the circus will be held the following day. As a storm breaks out, the elephants and other animals disembark to help set up the big top, accompanied by the roustabouts: these are unskilled laborers, often employed for hard labor.


It’s hard to tell given this scene takes place at night, but the roustabouts in Dumbo are all African-American, and given that this takes place in 1941 the lyrics are…interesting to say the very least. The song starts off with cries of “Hike! Ugh!” as the singers/workers establish a driving pattern to aid in driving in the tent stakes:

Hike! Ugh! Hike! Ugh! Hike! Ugh! Hike!
We work all day, we work all night
We never learned to read or write
We’re happy-hearted roustabouts

Hike! Ugh! Hike! Ugh! Hike! Ugh! Hike!
When other folks have gone to bed
We slave until we’re almost dead
We’re happy-hearted roustabouts

Just stop and look at these two verses alone: according to the roustabouts they can’t read or write, they work extremely hard and yet despite all this they’re “happy-hearted roustabouts”? It sounds ironic in 2018 but in 1941 they’re being quite serious.

Hike! Ugh! Hike! Ugh! Hike! Ugh! Hike!
We don’t know when we get our pay
And when we do, we throw our pay away
We get our pay when children say
With happy hearts, “It’s circus day today”

This is the verse that disturbs me the most, it implies that when the roustabouts DO get paid, they promptly blow their money on frivolous things (keeping in line with certain stereotypes about African-Americans being lazy, etc. Remember, this was 1941 and these things were considered acceptable then).


Muscles achin’
Back near breaking
Eggs and bacon what we need (Yes, sir!)
Boss man houndin’
Keep on poundin’
For your bed and feed
There ain’t no let up
Must get set up
Pull that canvas! Drive that stake!
Want to doze off
Get them clothes off
But must keep awake

During this long section, the other animals are shown helping in the set up, mostly the elephants moving stakes and poles, but the camels are helping too. It’s funny, when I watched this movie as a young kid, I was convinced that the circus animals really did help in this way. Even Dumbo is seen doing his part alongside his mother.

Hep! Heave! Hep! Heave! Hep! Heave!
Hep! Heave! Hep! Heave! Hep! Heave!
Hep! Heave! Hep!

Swing that sledge! Sing that song!
Work and laugh the whole night long
You happy-hearted roustabouts!
Pullin’, poundin’, tryin’, groundin’
Big top roundin’ into shape
Keep on working!
Stop that shirking!
Grab that rope, you hairy ape!
Poundin’! poundin’! poundin’! poundin’!


The storm that started when the train arrived has now become a full-on thunderstorm (poor Dumbo hides in fright from the lightning). And the song does throw in one last unbelievable line with “Grab that rope, you hairy ape!” (I really won’t explain that one in further detail since it really speaks for itself). At last, despite the driving rain and winds, the big top is raised and come morning the circus is ready to begin!

It might seem strange to focus on these songs (especially given the issues going on in the country right now), but I can’t let these songs slip away unnoticed. Not writing about them is tantamount to saying they never happened, but they did. So on that note, I hope you found “Song of the Roustabouts” interesting. Let me know what you think of this song in the comments below and have a great day!

See also:

Dumbo “Look Out For Mr. Stork” (1941)

Dumbo “Pink Elephants on Parade” (1941)

Dumbo “When I See an Elephant Fly” (1941)

Disney Films & Soundtracks A-Z

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9 thoughts on “Dumbo “Song of the Roustabouts” (1941)

  1. Pingback: Dumbo “When I See an Elephant Fly” (1941) | Film Music Central

  2. Pingback: Frozen “Frozen Heart” (2013) | Film Music Central

  3. Pingback: Dumbo “Look Out For Mr. Stork” (1941) | Film Music Central

  4. Pingback: Dumbo “Pink Elephants on Parade” (1941) | Film Music Central

  5. Liv

    Thank you for discussing this. I just re-watched the Dumbo 1941 film the other day. Although it was a different time, I was honestly shocked by the lyrics. The crow scene that caused so much controversy just didn’t seem as bad to me as the “Roustabouts” song. When I heard that last verse, I just couldn’t believe it. I had loved this movie as a child. I still do, but I’m not a fan of this scene. Maybe if some of the workers had been White it wouldn’t come be as abrasive. Anyway, thanks again for sharing your thoughts. All we can do is learn from the mistakes of the past.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Film Music Central Post author

      you’re right, and I hope we do learn. I used to love everything about this movie too, and I’ll never forget reading through all of the lyrics the first time and feeling “holy crap they put THAT in there?” a different time indeed…


  6. Stuart Safford

    This song is a really interesting one to me. I remember that it is one of the most beautiful animations in the movie. It parallels the elephants and the humans really well and the roustabouts’ hammering is hypnotic. At the same time it is the most horrifying animation in all of Disney for the ideas it is portraying. The roustabouts are clearly supposed to be happy with their lot which is to be another elephant or animal in the circus. It is really stunning to me to see something essentially bad in American history portrayed with such craftsmanship.

    Liked by 1 person


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